Costa Rica 2020 - Plants and trees
   
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Garden spider-flower (Cleoserrata speciosa), San Jose

 

 

Costa Rica's rich biodiversity also includes trees, plants and wildflowers. Although not a main focus on this trip, I took some photos of trees and plants, and rainforest vegetation from the different regions of the country I visited. Some are displayed on this page. The garden at Hotel Bougainvillea in San Jose offered a chance to get images of the local flora. The 10 acres of botanical garden display a variety of tropical plants found in Costa Rica, including heliconias, bromeliads, orchids, and trees.

This page also includes images of plants seen in Tortuguero National Park at the Caribbean Sea, from the Caribbean lowland (around Tirimbina Lodge near Sarapiqui and Maquenque Ecolodge in Boca Tapada), bordering higher altitude (Arenal area), mid-altitude cloud forest (Monteverde), and on the Pacific Coast (around Cerro Lodge).

I have tried to ID the trees and plants, but some of them are almost certainly wrongly named. So keep that in mind. Corrections are welcomed.

 

Maybe Brazil's White Angel Trumpet (Brugmansia suaveolens), San Jose

 

Maybe Brazil's White Angel Trumpet, San Jose

Hanging Lobster Claw (Heliconia rostrata), San Jose

 

Guarianthe skinneri, an orchid, and the national flower of Costa Rica. Called Purple Country Girl or Guaria Morada in Spanish, San Jose

Most likely a Trumpet Tree (Cecropia sp.), San Jose

 

Bromeliad species, San Jose

The orchid Fringe-Lipped Dendrobium (Dendrobium fimbriatum), San Jose

 

Fringe-Lipped Dendrobium, San Jose

Probably Hortensia (Hydrangea macrophylla), San Jose

 

Probably Giant Crinum Lily (Crinum asiaticum), San Jose

Red Ginger (Alpinia purpurata), San Jose

 

Maybe the fruits of the Milky Way Tree (Tabernaemontana litoralis), San Jose

Acalypha hispida, the Chenille Plant, San Jose

 

Cactus, San Jose

Duckweed (Lemna sp.), San Jose

 

Maybe Dotleaf Waterlily (Nymphaea ampla), San Jose

Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia sp.), San Jose

 

Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia sp.), San Jose

Flame Vine (Pyrostegia venusta), San Jose

 

Flame Vine (orange). Native to Brazil–Argentina, cultivated in many tropical and subtropical areas worldwide

Blue Ginger (Dichorisandra thyrsiflora), San Jose

 

African Arrowroot (Canna indica), San Jose

Probably Pink Poui (Tabebuia rosea), San Jose

 

Pink Poui, San Jose

Maybe the Singapore Graveyard Flower (Plumeria obtusa), San Jose

 

Tufted Air Plant bromeliad, maybe Guzmania sp.? San Jose

Red Hot Poker Tree (Erythrina abyssinica), San Jose

 

Maybe Expanded Lobsterclaw (Heliconia latispatha)? San Jose

Golden Plume, maybe Schaueria calicotricha, San Jose

 

Maybe a Talipariti elatum, San Jose

Maybe the Provision Tree (Pachira aquatica)? San Jose

 

Chinese-lantern (Abutilon pictum), San Jose

Shaving-brush-tree (Pseudobombax ellipticum), San Jose

 

Interesting form! Shaving-brush-tree, San Jose

Maybe Mexican Bluebell (Ruellia simplex), San Jose

 

Bromeliad plant, San Jose

Rainforest vegetation pattern, Tortuguero

 

Torch Ginger (Etlingera elatior), Guapiles. Native to Southeast Asia

 

Rainforest in Tortuguero National Park

 

Buttress root of a big tree in the Tortuguero National Park rainforest

Rainforest trees, Tortuguero National Park

 

Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), Tortuguero National Park

Could be a Calathea Plant (Calathea warscewiczii), Tortuguero National Park

 

Trumpet Tree (Cecropia obtusifolia)? With a Palm Tanager, Tortuguero National Park

Heliconia species, maybe Heliconia wagneriana? Tortuguero

 

Red Ginger (Alpinia purpurata), Tortuguero. Native to Malaysia

Banana, Tortuguero

 

Hanging Lobster Claw (Heliconia rostrata), Tortuguero

Opened coconut

 

A fern and a bromeliad? Tortuguero National Park

According to the guide, a Morning Glory, probably Asystasia gangetica, Tortuguero National Park

 

Canal vegetation, Tortuguero National Park

A bromeliad, maybe Aechmea nudicaulis, Tortuguero National Park

 

A vine in Tortuguero National Park

Calyptrogyne ghiesbreghtiana, commonly called the Coligallo Palm (I think), Tortuguero

 

Maybe Sunset Bells (Chrysothemis pulchella), Tortuguero

Carambola, or Star Fruit, is the fruit of Averrhoa carambola, Tortuguero

 

Could be the Star of Bethlehem (Hippobroma longiflora), Tortuguero

A climbing vine in Tirimbina Nature Reserve

 

Maybe Hawaiian Wood-rose (Merremia tuberosa), Tirimbina Nature Reserves

Powder-puff Plant (Calliandra sp.)? Tirimbina Nature Reserve

 

Tirimbina Nature Reserve

Maybe Aphelandra scabra, Tirimbina Nature Reserves

 

Fabaceae species, Tirimbina Nature Reserves

Tree Orchid, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

 

Shaving Brush Tree (Pseudobombax ellipticum), Tortuguero

A Scarlet-rumped Tanager in a Powder-puff Plant, Maquenque Ecol

 

Water Snowflake (Nymphoides indica), Maquenque Ecolodge

Primrose-willow, Water-purslane, Water-primrose (Ludwigia sedioides), Maquenque Ecolodge

 

Ferns and bromeliads, Maquenque Ecolodge

King Kong Heliconia (Heliconia vellerigera), La Fortuna

 

Orchid, could be another Guarianthe skinneri, La Fortuna

Air plant bromeliad (Tilandsia sp.), Caño Negro

 

Maybe Brazilian Red-cloak (Megaskepasma erythrochlamys), La Fortuna

Maybe Singapore Gold (Sanchezia nobilis), La Fortuna

 

Could be the flower of the Pachote Tree (Pachira quinata), Caño Negro

No idea, really, Pl@antNet suggests Couroupita nicaraguensis. Caño Negro

 

Maybe the palm Attalea rostrata, Caño Negro

Hummingbird Bush (Hamelia patens), La Fortuna

 

Bromeliad air plants in Caño Negro

Bamboo Orchid (Arundina graminifolia), Maquenque Ecolodge

 

Bamboo Orchid (Arundina graminifolia), La Fortuna

Cream Garland-lily (Hedychium flavescens), a non-native species, La Fortuna

 

A Bananaquit feeding on a Blue Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis), La Fortuna

Maybe Bronze-leaved Clerodendrum (Clerodendrum quadriloculare). In case, a non-native species, La Fortuna

 

Coral Porterweed (Stachytarpheta mutabilis), La Fortuna

Lollipop Plant (Pachystachys lutea), La Fortuna

 

Sore-mouth Bush (Psychotria poeppigiana). La Fortuna. The common name of this flower is Hot Lips / Hooker's Lips, or even more vulgar names ...

Maybe Parakeet Flower (Heliconia psittacorum), La Fortuna

 

Heliconia species (Heliconia sp.), La Fortuna

Coffee (Cofea arabica), La Fortuna

 

Strangler Fig (Ficus sp.), Monteverde Cloud Forest

Tree Fern (family Cyatheaceae), Monteverde Cloud Forest

 

Wet vegetation, Monteverde Cloud Forest

Ferns. With about 2500 plant species in the Monteverde Cloud Forest, it is had to correctly name them!

 

Mushroom, Monteverde Cloud Forest

Drymonia conchocalyx, Monteverde Cloud Forest

 

Lichen in Monteverde Cloud Forest

A bromeliad in the Monteverde Cloud Forest

 

Tufted Airplant (Guzmania nicaraguensis), A bromeliad in the Monteverde Cloud Forest

A Trumpet Tree (Cecropia sp.), Monteverde Cloud Forest

 

Pepper (Piper sp.), Monteverde Cloud Forest

Maybe a Boraginaceae, or perhaps a Ruellia sp. (no idea, really), Cerro Lodge

 

Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima), Cerro Lodge

Unknown plant, Cerro Lodge Entrance Road

 

An escapee, the Hibiscus flower (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), Cerro Lodge Entrance Road

Maybe Poui (Handroanthus sp.), Cerro Lodge

 

Maybe Gumbo-Limbo (Bursera simaruba), Cerro Lodge Entrance Road

Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), Cerro Lodge Entrance Road

 

Pl@ntNet suggests Ixora coccinea, Cerro Lodge