Costa Rica 2020 - Wildlife other than birds
   
Home

Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodilus), Frio River in Caño Negro

 

 

Costa Rica has a rich biodiversity not only of birds. This page shows some photos of other wildlife I came across during my 14 days in Costa Rica. I saw the Spectacled Caiman and the American Crocodile, in addition to some species of turtles and lizards, but only one type of snake (the Eyelash Palm Pit Viper). Of mammals, I saw three species of monkeys, the two species of sloth (two-toed and three-toed), and the White-nosed Coati.

Frog photography is popular among tourists going to Costa Rica. In particular, the very beautiful Red-eyed Tree Frog is sought-after. I saw this species in Tortuguero and in the Sarapiqui area, and managed to get some nice images of it. Also displayed are some other frog species, and some lizard species. I am not sure about the exact ID of many of these species, but have attempted to name most of them (many are obviously wrongly named). This page also shows some photos of invertebrates such as damselflies, dragonflies and butterflies. The ID of many of the invertebrates are at best only suggestions.

A thank to Hans A. Olsvik for help suggesting family/name of the damselflies and dragonflies. Please keep in mind, some of these species are also probably wrongly named.

 

Spectacled Caiman, Frio River in Caño Negro

 

Spectacled Caiman, Frio River in Caño Negro

American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus), Tarcoles River

 

American Crocodile, Tarcoles River

American Crocodile, Tarcoles River

 

Black Wood Turtle (Rhinoclemmys funerea), La Fortuna

Black Wood Turtle, Tortuguero

 

Common Slider Turtle (Trachemys emolli), Sarapiqui River

Male Green Iguana (Iguana iguana), Tortuguero

 

Green Iguana, San Jose

Brown Basilisk (Basiliscus vittatus), Tortuguero

 

Brown Basilisk, Tortuguero

Emerald Basilisk, also called Plumed Basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons), Tortuguero. Often called the Jesus Christ Lizard because it appears to run on water

 

Emerald Basilisk, Tortuguero

 

A young Emerald Basilisk, Tortuguero

 

Lizard, maybe a Many-scaled Anole (Anolis polylepis)? Cerro Lodge

Spiny Green Lizard (Sceloporus malachiticus), San Jose

 

Probably a young Brown Basilisk, La Fortuna

Maybe a Black Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis), Cerro Lodge

 

Black Spiny-tailed Iguana, Cerro Lodge

Black Spiny-tailed Iguana, Cerro Lodge

 

Maybe a pale Ghost Anole (Anolis lemurinus)? Tortuguero

Mourning Gecko (Lepidodactylus lugubris), Mawamba Lodge

 

 

Mourning Gecko, Tortuguero. Gecko ID is based on reptile forum feedback

Eyelash Palm Pit Viper (Bothriechis schlegelii), Selva Verde Nature Reserve

 

The Eyelash Palm Pit Viper has a strong poison, but is not very aggressive

Red-eyed Tree Frog (Agalychnis callidryas), Tortuguero

 

Red-eyed Tree Frog, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

A pair of Red-eyed Tree Frog, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

 

With the yellow spots on the hind legs, this could be the Warszewitsch's Frog (Lithobates warszewitschii), Selva Verde Nature Reserve

Maybe the Common Tink Frog (Diasporus diastema), or perhaps a glass frog? Tirimbina Nature Reserve

 

Maybe the Fitzinger's Robber Frog (Craugastor fitzingeri)? Selva Verde Nature Reserve

Strawberry Poison Dart Frog (Oophaga pumilio), Tortuguero. Not easy to photograph these guys without flash

 

Strawberry Poison Dart Frog, also called Blue-Jeans frog, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

Forrer's Gras Frog (Lithobates forreri), San Jose

 

Probably a Mexican Treefrog (Smilisca baudinii), Tortuguero

Brown-throated Sloth (Bradypus variegatus), La Fortuna

 

Brown-throated Sloth, Tortuguero

Brown-throated Sloth (Bradypus variegatus), is a three-toed sloth species, Tortuguero

 

This is the Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni), La Fortuna. Unfortunately, got no good photos of this species

Golden-mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata palliata), Sarapiqui River

 

Golden-mantled Howler Monkey, Tortuguero

White-faced Capuchin Monkey (Cebus imitator), Frio River in Caño Negro

 

White-faced Capuchin Monkey with a cashew fruit, Cerro Lodge

The Ornate Spider Monkey (Ateles geoffroyi ornatus), is a subspecies of Geoffroy's Spider Monkey, Tortuguero

 

Ornate Spider Monkey, Frio River in Caño Negro

White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica), Maquenque Ecolodge

 

White-nosed Coati, Maquenque Ecolodge

Variegated Squirrel (Sciurus variegatoides), La Fortuna

 

Variegated Squirrel, Cerro Lodge Entrance Road

Jumping squirrel, Cerro Lodge

 

Not very sharp image, but still :)

Common Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) seen in the Tortuguero canal which is mainly freshwater

 

Long-nosed Proboscis Bat (Rhynchonycteris naso floridanus), Caño Negro

Probably Cerulean Dancer (Argia anceps), San Jose

 

Damselfly mating, Cerulean Dancer (Argia anceps), San Jose

Maybe Great Spreadwing (Archilestes grandis)? San Jose

 

Damselfly, maybe Dusky Dancer (Argia translata)? Sarapiqui River

Caribbean Yellowface (Neoerythromma cultellatum), Maquenque Ecolodge

 

Maybe River Rubyspot (Hetaerina caja)? Caño Negro

Plain Amberwing (Perithemis mooma), Maquenque Ecolodge

 

Maybe a Regal Skimmer (Orthemis schmidti)? Tortuguero

Maybe a Spot-tailed Dasher (Micrathyria aequalis)? Maquenque Ecolodge

 

Maybe Red-faced Dragonlet (Erythrodiplax fusca)? Maquenque Ecolodge

Malachite Butterfly (Siproeta stelenes), San Jose

 

Zebra Longwing Butterfly (Heliconius charithonia) on a Common Lantana (Lantana camara), San Jose

A Monarch-like butterfly, San Jose

 

Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) on a Common Lantana, San Jose

Blue Morpho Butterfly (Morpho sp.), Tortuguero

 

Blue Morpho Butterfly (Morpho sp.), Monteverde

Could be King Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio thoas), Tortuguero

 

Julia Butterfly (Dryas iulia), Tortuguero

The most common butterfly in Costa Rica, the Banded Peacock (Anartia fatima), Tortuguero

 

Common Blue Morpho (Morpho peleides), La Fortuna

Longwing Butterfly (Heliconius sp.), Looks like a Heliconius heurippa, originally from eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains in Colombia. Maybe they breed them at the Ecocentro Danaus in La Fortuna?

 

Longwing Butterfly, possibly Heliconius heurippa, La Fortuna

Owl Butterfly (Caligo sp.), La Fortuna

 

Tiger Longwing Butterfly (Heliconius hecale), La Fortuna

Banana Spider (Trichonephila clavipes), Tortuguero

 

Heliconian butterfly, maybe Isabella's Heliconian (Eueides isabella), Maquenque Ecolodge

Leafcutter Ant, La Fortuna

 

Leaf Katydid insect? Tirimbina night walk

Leaf Katydid, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

 

A Red-kneed Tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) in its hole, Monteverde Cloud Forest

Scorpion in UV light, Monteverde night walk

 

Walking Stick insect, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

Spider net, Tirimbina Nature Reserve

 

Spider, Tirimbina Nature Reserve

Spider, Tirimbina Nature Reserve

 

A cricket, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

Ant nest, Selva Verde Nature Reserve

 

The Bullet Ant (Paraponera clavata) has a nasty sting, Tirimbina Nature Reserve