Southern Africa 2004 - The birds

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Southern Africa, defined as the area south of the Kunene and Zambezi rivers, has a high bird diversity. Some 951 species have been observed in this area. 144 species are endemic to the region. Although most focus was on large animals during the trip, and omitting all of the "small" birds, I saw more than 100 species. I'm not too familiar with all the larks, pipits, warblers, weavers, sparrows etc., and did not attempt to classify smaller birds during the trip (at least if they were lacking a distinct plumage). In July it is winter in this part of the world, and many migrating birds were obviously not present in the region when I was there. Ducks, birds of prey like raptors and falcons, a lot of aquatic waders, swallows and many of the smaller birds had migrated to warmer areas further north in Africa at wintertime.

On this page some of the seen birds are shown, in no particular order. And a list covering the identified birds seen in South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe is found at the bottom of this page. Not great photos, for sure, but I did not bring any decent lens on this trip.

African skimmers above the Zambezi River

     
 

African fish eagle

Giant kingfisher

 

White-backed vultures

Marabou storks at a buffalo carcass

 

Well hidden African skimmer chick, on the sandbanks of Zambesi River

African skimmer breeding area

 

African barred owlet

Blacksmith plover

 

Goliath heron (the world largest heron)

Lilac-breasted roller

 

Dark-capped bulbul

Yellow-bellied greenbul

 

Helmeted guineafowl

Red-billed francolin

 

Yellow-billed stork

Yellow-billed stork

Saddle-billed stork

Saddle-billed stork

 

Pied kingfisher

White-fronted bee-eater breeding colony

 

African darter

African wattled plover

 

Long-crested eagle

Ground hornbill

 

Hooded vulture and African white-backed vulture

Grey go-away bird (or lourie)

     
 
Number
Species
Latin
1
Little grebe
Tachybaptus ruficollis
2
White-breasted cormorant
Phalacrocorax lucidus
3
Reed cormorant
Phalacrocorax africanus
4
African darter
Anhinga rufa
5
Goliath heron
Ardea goliath
6
Purple heron
Ardea purpurea
7
Grey heron
Ardea cinerea
8
Yellow-billed egret
Egretta intermedia
9
Great egret
Egretta alba
10
Little egret
Egretta garzetta
11
Cattle egret
Bubulcus ibis
12
Squacco heron
Ardeola ralloides
13
White-backed night heron
Gorsachius leuconotus
14
Black-crowned night heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
15
Green-backed heron
Butorides striatus
16
Little bittern
Ixobrychus minutus
17
Yellow-billed stork
Mycteria ibis
18
Marabou stork
Leptoptilos crumeniferus
19
Saddle-billed stork
Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
20
African spoonbill
Platalea alba
21
Hamerkop
Scopus umbretta
22
Hadeda ibis
Bostrychia hagedash
23
Glossy ibis
Plegadis falcinellus
24
African sacred ibis
Threskiornis aethiopicus
25
Spur-winged goose
Plectopterus gambensis
26
Egyptian goose
Alopochen aegyptiacus
27
White-faced duck
Dendrocygna viduata
28
Yellow-billed duck
Anas undulata
29
Lapped-faced vulture
Torgos tracheliotus
30
White-headed vulture
Trigonoceps accipitalis
31
Cape vulture
Gyps coprotheres
32
White-backed vulture
Gyps africanus
33
Hooded vulture
Necrosyrtes monachus
34
African fish eagle
Haliaeetus vocifer
35
Bateleur
Terathopius ecaudatus
36
Brown snake eagle
Circaetus cinereus
37
Tawny eagle
Aquila rapax
38
Long-crested eagle
Lophaetus occipitalis
39
African marsh harrier
Circus ranivorus
40
Black-shouldered kite
Elanus caeruleus
41
Red-billed francolin
Pternistes adspersus
42
Swainsons francolin
Pternistes swainsonii
43
Crested francolin
Peliperdix sephaena
44
Helmeted guineafowl
Numida meleagris
45
Common ostrich
Struthio camelus
46
African jacana
Actophilornis africanus
47
Wattled crane
Grus carunculatus
48
Secretarybird
Sagittarius serpentarius
49
Kori bustard
Ardeotis kori
50
Norhtern black korhaan
Eupodotis afraoides
51
Black-winged stilt
Himantopus himantopus
52
Three-banded plower
Charadrius tricollaris
53
Crowned lapwing
Vanellus coronatus
54
Long-toed lapwing
Vanellus crassirostris
55
African wattled lapwing
Vanellus senegallus
56
Blacksmith lapwing
Vanellus armatus
57
Common sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos
58
African snipe
Gallinago nigripennis
59
Spotted thick-knee
Burhinus capensis
60
Water thick-knee
Burhinus vermiculatus
61
African skimmer
Rhynchops flavirostris
62
Grey-headed gull
Larus cirrocephalus
63
Whiskered tern
Chlidonias hybridus
64
Speckled pigeon
Columba guinea
65
Rock dove
Columba livia
66
Red-eyed dove
Streptopelia semitorquata
67
Cape turtle dove
Streptopelia capicola
68
Laughing dove
Streptopelia senegalensis
69
Emerald-spotted wooddove
Turtur chalcospilos
70
Namaqua dove
Oena capensis
71
Go-away-bird
Corythaixoides concolor
72
African cuckoo
Cuculus gularis
73
Coppery-tailed coucal
Centropus cupreicaudus
74
African barred owlet
Glaucidium capense
75
Pearl-spotted owlet
Glaucidium perlatum
76
Fiery-necked nightjar
Caprimulgus pectoralis
77
Speckled mousebird
Colius striatus
78
Giant kingfisher
Megaceryle maxima
79
Pied kingfisher
Ceryle rudis
80
Malachite kingfisher
Alcedo cristata
81
White-fronted bee-eater
Merops bullockoides
82
Little bee-eater
Merops pusillus
83
Lilac-breasted roller
Coracias caudata
84
Southern ground hornbill
Bucovus leadbeateri
85
African grey hornbill
Tockus nasutus
86
Southern yellow-billed hornbill
Tockus leucomelas
87
Red-billed hornbill
Tockus erythrorhynchus
88
African hopphoe
Upupa africana
89
Crested barbet
Trachyphonus vaillantii
90
Barn swallow
Hirundo rustica
91
Brown-troated martin
Riparia paludicola
92
Fork-tailed drongo
Dicrurus adsimilis
93
Pied crow
Corvus albus
94
Cape crow
Corvus capensis
95
Black-faced babbler
Turdoides melanops
96
Southern-pied babbler
Turdoides bicolor
97
African red-eyed bulbul
Pycnonotus nigricans
98
Dark-capped bulbul
Pycnonotus tricolor
99
Yellow-bellied greenbul
Chlorocichla flaviventris
100
Arnotts chat
Myrmecocichla arnotti
101
Ant-eating chat
Myrmecocichla formicivora
102
Cape robin chat
Cossypha caffra
103
White-browed robin chat
Cossypha heuglini
104
Cape wagtail
Motacilla capensis
105
African pied wagtail
Motacilla aguimp
106
Crimson-breasted shrike
Laniarius atrococcineus
107
Southern white-crowned shrike
Eurocephalus anguitimens
108
Cape glossy starling
Lamprotornis nitens
109
Red-winged starling
Onychognathus morio
110
Common myna
Acridotheres tristis
111
Red-billed oxpecker
Buphagus erythrorhynchus
112
Sunbird species
Cinnyris sp.
113
House sparrow
Passer domesticus
114
Cape sparrow
Passer melanurus
115
Southern grey-headed sparrow
Passer diffusus
116
Southern masked weaver
Ploceus velatus
117
Red-billed quelea
Quelea quelea